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‘NIH’

Neuromodulation device studied as non-addictive option for chronic pain

Nov. 11, 2019—With $3.6 million in funding, researchers from the Vanderbilt University Institute of Imaging Science are developing a focused ultrasound neuromodulation device as a non-invasive and non-addictive method for treating chronic pain. The funding was awarded by the National Institutes of Health as part of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term Initiative, also known as the...

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How to fake a medical record in order to mitigate privacy risks

Nov. 4, 2019—In machine learning, generative adversarial networks (GANs) involve two artificial neural networks squaring off, one, the generator, trying to delude the other, the discriminator, into accepting synthetic data as real. Beyond their science and engineering applications, GANs can generate utterly convincing “photographs” of people who do not exist. Unrestricted use on a wide scale of...

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$2.3 million NIH grant allows collaborators focus on advancing liver cancer surgical care

Oct. 10, 2019—A multi-year collective effort between engineers, surgeons and scientists has resulted in a $2.3 million, four-year grant awarded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering of the National Institutes of Health to improve laparoscopic liver surgery and liver cancer ablation therapy. The grant, “Deformation Corrected Image Guided Laparoscopic Liver Surgery,” supports a next-generation...

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VISE affiliates awarded $1.8 million grant to improve surgical guidance during eye surgery

Oct. 7, 2019—A team of Vanderbilt University engineers and clinicians have won a five-year $1.8 million National Eye Institute grant to develop and translate novel intraoperative imaging technologies to the ophthalmic surgical suite to enable real-time surgical guidance. “Our group has spent quite a few years working on developing the underlying imaging technology,” said Yuankai Kenny Tao,...

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On-the-move cancer cells prefer a “comfort cruise,” follow predictable paths of least resistance

Sep. 13, 2019—New research from a group of Vanderbilt biomedical engineers reveals that while cancer cells move quickly in metastasis, they’re rather lazy in which paths they choose. According to the researchers, migrating cancer cells decide which path in the body to travel based on how much energy it takes, opting to move through wider, easier to...

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Chang, Englot receive $3 million NIH grant for epilepsy imaging work

Aug. 29, 2019—A team led by an engineering professor who specializes in techniques to analyze functional neuroimaging data and a neurosurgeon-scientist has received a $3 million NIH grant for epilepsy research. This is the third major NIH R01 basic research grant Vanderbilt School of Engineering and Vanderbilt University Medical Center teams have received in less than a...

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Like geese and race cars, cancer cells draft their way to new sites

Mar. 25, 2019—Finding gives boost to fighting through cell metabolism NASCAR has nothing on cancer cells when it comes to exploiting the power of drafting, letting someone else do the hard work of moving forward while you coast behind. Building on the relatively new discovery that metastatic cancer cells leave tumors and travel in clusters, not singles,...

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Skin diseases study uses crowdsourcing to gather data

Mar. 1, 2019—For any number of diseases involving the skin, research into causes and cures requires isolating and quantifying in a reliable way the proportion of affected skin, one research subject after another, the more the better. This is achieved with medical photography, computer monitors, and mouse-dragging by a research dermatologist to carefully demarcate affected areas. With...

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